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  Intro to Public Sector Economics 03/1 Mostly dealing with govt Ministry, govt institution, etc Definition Public finance Scope Objective G...

Intro to Public Sector Economics

 Intro to Public Sector Economics

03/1

Saham, Perdagangan, Monitor, Bisnis



Mostly dealing with govt
Ministry, govt institution, etc
Definition
Public finance
Scope
Objective

Govt try to serve health, food, goods and services in this pandemic
Deal w regulation
Perpu no. 1
Hv pondation to run program
#PublicPolicy

Macro economic: fiscal, etc
Public intervention, deal w dailiy life
Ex taxes for income
Public revenue, how govt spent it
Comparing public and privat sector
Public sector produce based on country characteristic ex: bpjs
Good health system, education, infrastructure

Paradox between public vs private sector
Lack of transparancy

How govt react in easy &hard times
It become exam. govt can handle it?
Effecftiveness of govt intervention?
Everyone goes bankrupt now
Social security policy bansos

Public sector economi is a study
Finance, taxation

Public finance about how govt raise money to pay desired facility n service
Focus on microeconomic function of govt, affect allocation of resource and income distribution

Why there is still poor people
Lack of access to bigger market
Govt hard to find good income distribution
The rich have to pay more taxes
Pandemi become momentum for any govt
Chance for transformation to tech
Ground rules focus on basic
Regulatory background to promote it

Bpjs the key is to be patient
Bpjs card at second class should be changed. We hv to check items that we sign. The cost is the time

How KPI
After function
Compare how good management
Budget of ministry:there are many activities oct nov dec in order to absorbtion
Should objective

Indonesian development not equal on some areas
Desentralisation issuè
Management capability
System of reviewing is not proper
We need to improve it
Why money is there, switch posting to another is not easy
Good provision?
Neglect quality of the budget using

Biggest problem in indonesia is data
Good country ex: spore hv good data
Indonesian People is generous
They still pay bpjs even not get benefit
If we don't sign covid, hospital don't pay the bill
Trouble in indonesia,govt hv many cost for health but hospital not give correct data

Classic problem is faced by public sector in Indonesia
Some ministries spend money to conduct studies, consultant, etc
Sometimes they hv no expertise. Wasting money. Should be mechanism to save budget
Need to reform
Central govt use omnibus law to cut barriers in local area

Local govt capacity is important
Capacity building with workshop for local govt
But big bias if not effective, hv no access. There is gap between local govt and state govt

Taxes is main source of public revenue 60%
Some companies don't obey
Amnesti

Last data provided by social affairs ex: data terpadu 2015. 🤣
We have to update data twice a year to conduct and implement #publicpolicy

development progress can provide benefits for many people. But there are many cases of infrastructure development that seize people's land. Starting from the Kulon Progo case, the land grabbing of BIJB Majalengka,

the construction of a mine, a cement factory in Kendeng. Has an impact on the economic resources of the community in the village, the majority of which come from land.

Dana Bagi Hasil Cukai Hasil Tembakau (DBHCHT) is allocated to purchase hospital equipment. Where, on the other hand, there are many health campaigns against smoking. As at the national level, cover the BPJS with cigarette taxes

Musrenbangnas hv meeting and invite more stakeholders for spesific issues

government must have a KPI, Key Performance Indicator that includes of measuring integrity or in this case work performance

United States try to sue Indonesia to the World Trade Organization for dumping because it has significant effect to their nation income. Because the cigarette from United States Industry has loss it market in United States because of the Cigarette from Indonesia Industry (Kretek)

money.kompas.com/read/2019/10/14...

Gender equility?
Gender responsive budget
Consider on non techinical aspect
Need Implementation Strategy

In term of pandemic. Force majeur
How procedure to switch to allocate

Zakat mechanism for Institution
Confirmation
Dompet dhuafa has done it
What is the regulation

why there is differences in customs clearance process for the same goods?
it might be related to the declared "HS code" in the import declaration by PPJK. In the government's system, when you enter HS code, there will be information on tariff, import taxes and non-tariff barrier

such as SNI, specific licenses, ect. HS code is a self-assessment and a single good/item could be covered by different HS codes. If PPJK 1 use HS code A with 0% tariff and PPJK 2 use HS code B with 25% tariff then you will have a very significant cost difference.

Rather than bansos, maybe it's better to give such as a card, they may take money directly by themselves like ATM or use that card for getting staple food
Because the fact that, most of them are not need the staple food, they need money to pay other expenses

government had generalize what society wants. In the fact,they were wrong
In village, the people who take care of BANSOS get a lot of BENEFITS from CUTTING THE BUDGET such as buying eggs, TEMPE, and other basic necessities. If it's money, it's hard to be corrupted. yeah

Govt is unqualiffied when it comes to distribution and monitoring matter. They thought if the fund has been Given,their job is done

in fact, distribution of BANSOS still discriminative. only given to people who have ID card. Then, what about the vulnerable groups who don't have an ID card and they are affected by the pandemic?

pelaku seni has been informed from april that we will receive support fund in this pandemic, but we don't yet receive it until now (oct)

What the constraints of the distributions?

Is it just PHP?

ID card for the purpose of data record and report on statistic that will provide for many purpose for the government. Such as loan or funding.

Pragmatism is always appear in mind if we talk about diplomacy and policy

Spesific direction to follow US or china style?

Is it possible to combine zakat and tax?

If we give money assistance, at least the people know the exact amount of the assistance that they will get.

it's not only the data issue, it's related with the communication from bottom to top because the one that knows about the community very well is RT/RW level.

Classification of product is still not fix. Always changing

Most of feminist could start from the small thing

Communication and coordination is a big problem of our govt.

Sectoral ego. Ego sektoral.
Sailo. Selfish

HS code changing everytime and make us confusing as importer, the “communication” top down very important then

Public policy should be flexible and adaptive enough
Because there's so many changes and dynamics in reality life

Govt focus in development
But still have problem in equility

Issue on macro economic
Dealing w techocrat is very rigid,hard
They tent to slow adapting new thing




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